Camano Island, Washington

Camano Island, Washington

Located west of Stanwood and within the Possession Sound of Puget Sound, in Island County, Washington just across from Whidbey Island is a large island called “Camano Island” and its beach area as “Cama Beach”. It is separated from Whidbey Island by the Saratoga Passage to the west, and separated from the mainland by Davis Slough. It has a Gateway bridge for travelers to go back and forth over. Its population is small with just over 13,350 residents in 2000 with snowbirds bustling the population during the summer months. The island is approximately 40 square miles. During the last ice age, this area formed by crevacing from a mile thick sheet of ice covering the sound carving the island with glacial till deposition. The island was named after Spanish explorer Jacinto Caamano, previously natively named Kal-lut-chin by the Snohomish tribe meaning “land jutting into a bay”. It was a Snohomish tribal base for shellfish gathering and fishing. Early Euro-American explorers came to the area first by Charles Wilkes during the WIlkes Expedition in 1838 who first named it MacDonough Island to honor Thomas MacDonough during the victory of the Battle of Lake Champlain War of 1812. The waters in the area were named after McDonough’s flagship the Saratoga. It was in 1847 when Henry Kellett reorganized the official British Admiralty charts and renamed the area Camano after the original name by the Spanish in 1790. Jacinto Caamano explored most of the area going as far north to what is now Alaska and as far south to San Blas, Mexico. In the 1900’s it was renamed again to “Crow Island” during the logging boom of the area, but the name didn’t stick.

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Ferndale Public Library (Ferndale, Washington)

Ferndale Public Library

The local branch of the Whatcom public library system in Ferndale, Washington is located downtown along Main street, central to its users and customers needs.

Coming soon …

It is easy to get a library card – driver’s license and local address is all you need. Computer use is accessible for guests with a guest pass or a library card, allowing 1 hour sessions and ability to print for 10 cents a page. The library also has public WiFi.

Rating: 4 stars out of 5. (10/1/19)


Ferndale Public Library
Ferndale Public Library, Ferndale, Washington

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Vitality Bowl (USA)

Vitality Bowl
~ National – United States of America ~ ~

An American health conscious movement, Vitality Bowls was created in 2011 by Roy and Tara Gilad in San Ramon, California. They boast a strong committment to healthy food, wellness, and promoting superfoods. Their focus is açaí bowls consisting of a thick blend of the açaí berry topped with organic granola and a selection of superfood ingredients. They add additional antioxidant-rich menu items include smoothies, fresh juices, soups, salads and panini. Orders are made fresh and do not include ingredient fillers like frozen yogurt, ice, or artificial preservatives. They are allergy and health conscious.

As of this posting, this restaurant has not yet been reviewed. If you would like it to be reviewed, please Contact Us.

Rating: This restaurant has not been rated yet.


Vitality Bowl - Bellingham, Washington
Vitality Bowl – Bellingham, Washington

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Lila’s Mexican Restaurant (Bellingham, Washington)

Lila’s Mexican Restaurant

190 E Bakerview Rd, Bellingham, WA 98226 ~ (360) 527-3181 ~ ~

An authentic colorful family-run Mexican restaurant specializing in cultural cuisine, Mexican classic dishes, Margaritas, and family dining. They have lunch specials. This restaurant has not been reviewed yet by Technogypsie Reviews. If you’d like it to be, Contact Us.

Rating: this restaurant has yet to be rated.


Lila's Mexican Restaurant
Lila’s Mexican Restaurant in Bellingham, Washington

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Red Robin

Red Robin Restaurants

It all started in 1969 in the Emerald City of Seattle, Washington. Now a American burger chain with casual dining in 562 locations (2019) … it has spread outside the United States. It is also known as “Red Robin Gourmet Burgers and Brews” or simply Red Robin. Their first franchise out of Seattle was in Yakima 10 years later. They now have their headquarters in Greenwood Village, Colorado. It was established first along the southern end of University Bridge in a historic 1940’s building that originally was “Sam’s Tavern”. The owner of the tavern was quite fittingly called “Sam” and was well known in the local arena for singing in a barbershop quartet, with an infamous song “When the Red, Red Robin Comes Bob, Bob, Bobbin’ Along”. The Tavern was later renamed “Sam’s Red Robin”. It was later in 1969 that Gerry Kingen, a Seattle entrepreneur bought the restaurant from Sam and expanded it simply as “Red Robin”. It became a destination for gourmet burgers with over 28 to choose from. In 1979 Michael and Steve Snyder bought the rights to open one in Yakima Washington becoming the first franchise. It wasn’t until 1980 when Red Robin flew the state of Washington to Portland, Oregon. The mascot, “Red” the bird Robin was identified in 1983 beginning to attract Children and families to the restaurant chain. By 1985 there were 175 restaurants. The Corporate headquarters were then moved to Irvine California and became Red Robin Corp to Skylark Corporation of Japan. By 1995 and much disasters, Kingen joined with Michael Snyder to get it profitable again moving headquarters to Denver, Colorado. The company went public in 2002. The original location closed in 2010 due to skyrocketing maintenance costs for the building which was demolished in 2014. By 2015 they surpassed over 538 restaurants with an annual revenue of 1.25 billion US Dollars. The chain experienced a major loss in 2018 with the suicide of owner Michael Snyder.

While not a fan of chain restaurants persay, this one has been an exception as it is well loved by my son. Great burgers, fries, and sauces as well as other dishes. Rating 4.5 stars out of 5.

Bellingham, Washinton:

Red Robin in Bellingham, Washington
Red Robin in Bellingham, Washington
Red Robin in Bellingham, Washington
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Depot Hill Road to Morgan Stewart Shelter to Route 52 – Appalachian Trail, New York

New York Appalachian Trail: Depot Hill Road to Morgan Stewart Shelter

Depot Hill Road to Morgan Stewart Shelter (NEW YORK)

Journal notes from Tom, Hena, and Brea Baurley on Sunday, June 4th, 2000.

Appalachian Trail Head

Depot road to
Morgan Stewart Shelter

Saturday afternoon, we started tracking down the location of Depot Hill road in order for us to pick up where we left off from Saturday’s hike. We took 292 south through Lake Whaley (NY) and turned right on Grape Vine Hollow Road, followed it’s paved twists and turns, and turned right on Depot road and watch in concern as the road starts to thin and becomes rocky, losing paving quickly. With a subtle swamp to our left, we have faint memories of Florida terrain as we drove down dirt roads around Wakulla county. We finally come to a halt as Hena warns me not to drive any further, as Depot Hill road has not become a steep hilly road with cuts and slashes of gullies and potholes, knowing our Honda Accord could not make it up any farther. So we pull up, grab our packs and our dogs, and hike up the rocky road passable maybe with a 4 wheel drive – which also shares natural space with a stream trickling down it. About a 1/2 mile hike, pass private property on both sides, we finally enter the Depot Hill state multi-use recreational area with the road flatter, more dirt, and drivable (had we still the car with us). We reach where we left off on Saturday at the intersection of the Appalachian Trail and Depot Hill road. Ready to begin our hike to Morgan Stewart Shelter.

As we hiked in I notice the numerous blackberry plants along the trail and future thoughts of an upcoming late summer spot for picking them come to mind, as well as, memories of a research paper I did about them in the South covering the lore that surrounds them, and fond thoughts of the various home-made dishes that I once made from the berries. But the most overwhelming thought of all is how wonderful they would taste during a summer hike. Refreshing!

Along the way, towards where we started along the road, were some beautiful and mystical birch trees. They serve as a beautiful reminder to me as we start our journey on the Appalachian Trail – a wonderful sign of “new beginnings”. The Birch tree has always been very meaningful to me, and as such, I’ve always been a fan of it’s beauty, history, and lore. One of the things I like most about the Appalachian Trail in the Northeast is the myriad of varieties of trees. To add to the beauty, the trail is extremely beautiful and different for each of the seasons – whether snow covered branches in the winter, or decorated with fall foliage, or spring flowers, the trail in these parts will always give you a different view each time you hike it.

If you are following the Appalachian Trail Guide to New York – New Jersey, see page 56 (this is mile mark 2.2 from NY 55). The trail from the road is of varying terrain – mostly climbing with going up and down inclines. Shortly down the trail at this point is a seasonal pond to your left and some rocky areas. From the seasonal pond the trail turns to the right and we descended down through a narrow ravine. From the narrow ravine you will go down some rock steps and the trail levels off. (Mile mark 2.7) After hiking some a little through the ravine, you will begin to ascend as you climb another incline (mile mark 2.9) to reach a rock ledge with some great views. (mile mark 3.0) Most notable is the climb along the top ridge that takes you along some fascinating rock breaks and ledge seats that give you a great natural seat on which to sit to rest from the hike up from the road. During the spring and summer, the terrain and trail is decorated with some unique flowering plants and species of plants. Up top before getting to the shelter, you can find some scenic spots overlooking the valley, though you definitely have to hike a bit off trail to see them.

Be careful where you walk as Fire salamanders (newts) can always be found around the trail in this region. Please be careful not to step on them as a careless foot will destroy this beautiful fragile creature. We spotted many along the trail as we hiked and learned quickly to be soft footed.

After walking along the rock ledge you will descend briefly over the rocks and come to a side trail that leads to the Morgan Stewart Shelter (75 feet from the trail) (around mile mark 3.3). Here, as you see in the pictures below, is the Morgan Stewart Shelter. One of the better maintained and provided shelters on the trail, you have a clean and sturdy shelter with a very permanent rock fireplace/campfire pit, a porta-potty/privy, and a well down the hill just 400 feet down the hill from the shelter. The well is the old fashioned hand pump equipped with a bucket. The well is actually at the end of a un-mapped primal road – the end of which we had apparently parked before Depot Hill road got so rough and dangerous. According to the guide, this well is a very dependable water source.

We hiked back to the car after this day hike. Join us soon for our continued journey from the Morgan Stewart shelter.

Morgan Stewart Shelter

New York Appalachian Trail: Depot Hill Road to Morgan Stewart Shelter to Route 52

Depot Hill Road to Morgan Stewart Shelter to Route 52 (NEW YORK)

Journal notes from Tom, Hena, and Brea Baurley on Sunday, June 18th, 2000.

Appalachian Trail Head

Depot road to
Morgan Stewart Shelter

Sunday afternoon we parked one of our cars at the parking area on Rt. 52 (for App. Trail) and then headed towards Depot Hill road from the other / official entrance. To do so, we turned right out of the App. Trail parking area onto 52 (going ______ ), went up to Rt. _______, turned right, followed ______ to Depot Hill Road (just after _________ ). Make a right onto Depot hill road, follow paved section to radio tower, continue on into the Depot Hill Recreation area onto dirt road, drive pass App. trail, and park in designated parking areas. We then donned our backpacks and walked to the trail for a repeat hike to the Morgan Stewart Shelter. This area has lots of deer, fire salamanders (or newts), blackberry bushes, mountain and yellow laurel, and many other critters.

We pretty much rapidly hike up to the Morgan Stewart Shelter instead of taking our time or making much notes of our journey as you can read the details from the more detailed hike to Morgan Stewart, see

I did notice some different things along the hike (as expected) like the stone structure (above), more salamanders, deer, and other scenery. You will go through the descents and ascents as mentioned in the above link and walk along the ridge with some great views and finally arrive at the Morgan Stewart Shelter. As we visited the shelter this time around, a hiker coming from Georgia (on his 4th month with a 6 month leave of absence from work) talked to us a bit about his journey and good times. He was from Connecticut and is hiking from Georgia to Maine. Very inspirational. He went down to the well and we needed to press on, otherwise I would have loved to ask him for his name and if he cared if we took his photo and posted it here. Who knows, he (you) might be reading this and e-mail us your photo and stories from the trails later. We would love to post them here.

We left Morgan Stewart Shelter and started walking along more ridge line. Since today was quite rainy, we covered out backpacks with garbage bags and treadled lightly on the path as it was scattered with Salamanders – I lost count at 15. So if it’s damp out and not too hot, be on the lookout. The ridge line is great, pretty cool geology with the boulders cracked clean providing nice shelves to sit and rest a bit from the climb if so wanted.


If you are following the Appalachian Trail Guide to New York – New Jersey, see page 57 (the ridge at the Geological Marker is mile mark ___ from NY 55). We didn’t see the geologic marker, but then again we really were not looking out for it. We did however see some beautiful flowering Mountain Laurel in full bloom.

Laurel is so majestic along the trail at this time of year. So much beauty and so much bloom, it’s so overwhelming.


After you walk the ridge line, you’ll head over on the other side of ____ Mountain. Here you can get some great views – as they say in the Guide, of the Catskills and _____. However, since this has been a very rainy day, the fog/mist level was too dense along the horizon to really see them. However, the view was fabulous still.

The trail from this point, winds down the other side of the mountain, with some great outcroppings of mountain laurel and some great rocks to climb.

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Sequim, Washington


The area known as Sequim (pronounced SKWIM) is a modern city on the Olympic Peninsula within Clallam County Washington. It has a population of approximately 28,000 residents according to the 2018 census (City and surrounding supported area). It is a city located along the Dungeness River at the base of the Olympic Mountains and its rain shadow receiving less than 16 inches of rain a year. Even though it has about the same rainfall annually as Los Angeles, California it is located to some of the dampest temperate rain forests in the U.S. They call the area “Sunny Sequim” or “The Blue Hole of Sequim”. It actually has a more humid than expected climate, with fog, sun, cool breezes, and pleasant temperatures. It boasts a Mediterranean coastal climate with low rainfall, extreme summer temperatures, mild winters with little snowfall (often none at all) with the highest temperature recorded at 99 degrees Fahrenheit and the lowest at -3 degrees. It has a diverse biological spectrum with Western Red Cedars, Douglas-Firs, Black Cottonwoods, Red Alders, Pacific Madrone, Bigleaf Maples, Lodgepole Pines, Garry Oak, and many other trees usually larger than normal. This attracts the lumber industry to the area. There are also wide areas of open oak-studded prairies with excessively drained gravelly sandy loam soils historically though much of this has changed due to local agriculture. The city is most well known for growing lavender commercially making it the “Lavender Capital of North America” and only rivaled in the world by France. It is also know for the Dungeness crabs caught in the area.

Squim has a diverse history, with Paleontological remains of 14,000 year old Mastodon found with an embedded bone point demonstrating hunters were active in the area from as long as 14,000 years ago – being the first hunting weapon found dating pre-Clovis. (Archaeological excavation by Carl Gustafson in 1970) The S’Klallam (“the strong people”) tribes inhabited the area as the first known peopling pre-European. They named the area “Sequim” meaning “a place to go shoot” meaning good hunting and abundant game.

Europeans came to the area with George Vancouver’s exploration in 1790 alongside Manuel Quimper. The first settlers came in 1850 to the Dungeness Valley near Dungeness, Washington. They developed the lands to farmlands and arid prairies they nick-named “the desert” due to the lack of rain and dry weather. They developed irrigation canals in the 1890’s expanding farmlands. Settlers incorporated the area as “Sequim” in 1913 consisting mainly of farms, dairy farms, and other agriculture. At the end of World War I it was added by the railway via Port Angeles and Port Townsend carrying wood, lumber, and products.

Tourists are attracted to the area for the lavender, Dungeness crabs, and a massive herd of Roosevelt Elk.

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Bremerton, Washington


The largest city on the Kitsap Peninsula is “Bremerton”, Washington. It has a population of approximately 41,000 residents (2018 Census). It is the current home to the Bemerton Annex of Naval Bases Kitsap and the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. It has a straight connection to downtown Seattle via two ferries carrying vehicles and walk-on passengers back and forth for a 60 minute ride, and a 28 minute fast ferry for passengers and limited bicycles being located right across the Sound from each city landing in the heart of downtown Bremerton. The City’s historic center is being revitalized with fancy new buildings replacing the older foundations. Tourism has the Harborside Fountain Park, a boardwalk, a restored 1942 art deco Admiral Theater, breweries, coffee shops, art galleries, restaurants, and multiple naval history Museums attracting visitors from all over. Nestled within Bremerton is the historic town known as Charleston that was built to house and entertain sailors which was annexed in 1927.

In the 1890’s the area now called “Bremerton” was within the historical territory of the Suquamish Tribe, where the land was made available for non-Native settlements by the 1855 Treaty of Point Elliott. It was designed and planned by the German immigrant Seattle entrepreneur William Bremer in 1891. That same year the Navy Lieutenant Ambrose Barkley Wyckoff bought 190 acres of waterfront land on the Sinclair Inlet which was originally owned by the Bremer family. Disputes over the land occures and three years earlier the U.S. Navy commission determined that Point Turner between the protected waters of the Sinclair and Dyes inlets would be the best site in the Pacific Northwest to create a massive shipyard. Bremer and his brother-in-law Henry Hensel purchased the undeveloped land near Point Turner at the inflated price of $200/acre and in 1891 arranged the sale of 190 acres to the Navy at $50/acre knowing the occupation would bring in jobs, money, and prosperity. In 1900 Bremerton became known as the “Navy Yard of Puget Sound” which spread to the Orient. 1901 saw Bremerton becoming incorporated by the State of Washington with Alvyn Croxton in 1901 becoming the first mayor. Unfortunately the Navy Secretary Charles Darling moved all repair and maintenance work on the ships to the Mare Island Navy Yard in California in 1902 because Bremerton became rife with prostitution, robberies, opium dens, and crime, throwing Bremerton into financial difficulties. By 1904 the city revoked all liquor licenses encouraging Darling to re-establish the Navy Yard as a port of call. The saloons came back two years later. There are two ships dry-docked known as the “Iowa coming up the Sound” and the “Torpedoboat Rowan”. During World War I numerous submarines were constructed at the Navy Yard and a third drydock added 4,000 more employees. In 1918 the city of Manette, east of Bremerton was annexed, then Charleston was absorbed into Bremerton, and growth expanded in the city. In 1942 the Admiral Theater was opened as a cinema then a playhouse / banquet hall by the 1990s. 80,000 more residents moved into the area for World War II production of ships for the Pacific War effort. By the 1950’s and 60’s more stability grew in the area and permanent settling occurred of many Government families, establishing more schools, bridges, and infra-structure. The USS Missouri was assigned to the Pacific Reserve Fleet in 1955 and stationed here, bringing in tourism and attractions – so that hundreds of thousands of tourists annually could walk the “surrender deck” where the Japanese surrender treaty was signed at the end of WWII. The ship was re-commissioned in 1985 and decommissioned in 1992. The new Trident submarine fleet and the Bangor Ammunition Depot 12 miles northwest moved closer to Silverdale and farther from Bremerton in the 70s. By 1978 most of the downtown area was seen as a blighted area falling into disrepair. The 80s saw unfettered growth with commerce, department stores, retail businesses, and other properties on the increase. By 2010 many buildings became vacant. The decommissioned USS Missouri was voted to stay in Bremerton as a museum ship and tourist attraction, then moved to the Pearl Harbor Naval Base in Hawaii by 1998. 1992 saw building of the Waterfront Boardwalk and Marina with a downtown revitalization project, the destroyer USS Turnery Joy became part of public tours bringing replaced tourism. In 2000 the waterfront multi-model bus/ferry terminal was constructed and in 2004 a hotel and conference center complex was built. The Norm Dicks Government Center was also built with housing, government offices, and a City Hall. 2007 came a newly expanded Marina, boardwalk extensions from USS Turner Joy to Evergreen Park. The same year the 2.5 acre Harborside Fountain Park was opened, more condos and buildings, a five large copper-ringed fountains, wading pools, and park.

The climate hosts a Mediterranean climate with warm dry summers with wet semi-mild winters, average rainfall at 51.74 inches and snowfall ranging from 0 to 46 inches a year.

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Port Angeles, WA

Port Angeles
48°06′47″N 123°26′27″

Geologically the area sits along a long and narrow glacial morraine called the Ediz Hook that projects northeast for 3 miles into the Strait of Juan de Fuca making a large natural deep-water harbor shielded from storms and swells with depths perfect for large ocean-going vessels, tankers, and cruise ships. On a clear day one can see Victoria, British Columbia across the Strait.

The region that is today called “Port Angeles” was a natural harbor area populated by a variety of Indigenous peoples who hunted, fished, and camped in the area. It was the site for the Tse-Whit-Zen village of the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe as a major ceremonial center dating back almost 8,000 B.C.E. It is believed that European contact with diseases and Smallpox suddenly decimated the Native populations upon contact in 1780 and 1835.

It was first encountered in 1791 by European explorers, first by Spain’s Francisco de Eliza. Francisco named the area “Puerto de Nuestra Senora de los Angeles” (The Port of Our Lady of the Angels). It was first claimed by Spain after this explorer’s claim. The name for the area was later shortened to “Port Angeles”. As Europeans traveled in the region, they attempted trade with the Indigenous inhabitants with some success. In the 19th century Euro-Americans began settling in the area with fishing, whaling, and shipping as its industry. In 1856 a village was established conducting shipping and trade between America and Victoria British Columbia. In 1859 the Cherbourg Land Company established a settlement. The Salmon Chase protege “Victor Smith” whose position was to collect customs in the Puget Sound decided to move the Port of Entry from Port Townsend to Port Angeles. He also convinced President Abraham Lincoln to designate over 3,500 acres as a Federal Reserve utilizing the space for military and naval purposes as well as building a lighthouse. Shortly thereafter, the Military established a Federal town site under guidance of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers who established the street grids that still exist today. Settlers followed the Government occupation and creation of the port of entry. When Smith passed by the sinking of the Brother Jonathen, interest in the area dissolved leading to economic downfalls. The Port of Entry was returned to Port Townsend.

The town got a renewed interest of settlement by 1884 with the establishment of a wharf, trading post, general store, and hotel. As ferries traveled to the area it became another port of Entry again. The population grew from 300 inhabitants in 1886 to 3,000 residents by 1890. By 1914 it became a central hub for the logging and tree foresting industry seeing the construction of a large mill and railway. When the Hood Canal Bridge was established in 1961 more tourism and visitors came to the area, especially for the outdoor recreation opportunities from the Olympic National Park and rain forests. Fishing and boating became very popular along the Strait of Juan de Fuca as well. By the late 80’s most of the mills shut down and tourism became the main industry.

2003 saw construction of the Graving Dock Project involving over 275 million for construction as part of the Hood Canal Bridge East half Replacement Project. In 2004 the project was abandoned as unfortunately an enormous amount of human remains and Native American artifacts were encountered during construction discovering the largest prehistoric Indian village and burial ground at the time for the United States. With over 300 graves and over 785 human bones, ritual and ceremonial artifacts the area received notable awareness as the Tse-Whit-Zen village of the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe.

Today Port Angeles is a major city along the Olympic Peninsula offering shopping, commerce, events, tourism, and industry to the region. It is located along the northern edge of the Olympic Peninsula bordering the Strait of Juan de Fuca. The city sits within the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains offering less rain than the remainder of western Washington with an approximate 25 inches a year of precipitation. It offers maritime Mediterranean-like climate with temperatures of 25-80 degrees but is vulnerable to windstorms, Arctic cold fronts, and approximately 4 inches of snow each year hosting cool summers and mild winters. It is the central headquarters for the Olympic National Park that was established during the Great Depression in 1938. Today it has an estimated population of around 20,000 (census 2010 – 19,038 residents).

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Port Orchard, Washington

Port Orchard
47°31′54″N 122°38′18″

Both a inlet body of water and a town, “Port Orchard” or “Poor Tortured” is a Port along a Puget Sound strait that separates Bainbridge Island from the Kitsap Peninsula. It extends from Liberty Bay to Agate Pass from the North to Sinclair Inlet and Rich Passage to the south. It was named by Captain George Vancouver after Harry Masterman Orchard of his crew, who acted as the clerk for the “Discovery” in 1792.

Originally a seasonal encampment by local indigenous populations for fishing and coastal activities, it soon became settled by Euro-Americans by 1854 when William Renton and Daniel Howard established a saw mill here. It was platted by Frederick Stevens in 1886 and first named “Sidney” after his father. It was incorporated as Sidney on September 15, 1890. It soon after became a military installation by the U.S. Navy. It was renamed to Port Orchard in 1892 by request of its residents at the time. This caused some controversy as a nearby town called Charleston had also wanted to change its name similarly. The Post office went through with the change and it wasn’t until 1903 that the state recognized the new name officially.

Today it is called “Port Orchard”. It is a charming little Port town with historic character and preservation, scenic beauty, and small town hospitality. It is a gem for artisans, craftspeople, and fishing. Seated within Kitsap County, en rout from the Mainland to the Olympic Peninsula, this historic small town of approximately 11,144 residents (2010 Census) greets some ferry tourists from the mainland with a slice of Pacific Northwest magic. Great views of the Sinclair Inlet, Hood Canal, and the Olympic Mountains in the distance. It is located close to Bremerton and is only 13 miles away from Seattle to its East, but is a quick ferry ride to either Seattle or Vashon Island.

The area was devastated by a tornado on December 18, 2018 with winds of 120-130 mph uprooting trees, destroying around 450 buildings, and a short-lived evacuation due to gas leaks.

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Beebe Springs, Washington

Beebe Springs

An area along the Columbia River that was known for Indigenous settlement, fishing, and traditions. It is now a habitat for fish, birds, and wildlife. Formerly an orchard after a settlement, it is now notable wetlands, shrub-steppe habitats, and a protected area. It was first a village area by the Chelan peoples of the Columbia River over 8,000 years ago. Euro-American settlers to the area pushed out the indigenous and it eventually became an Orchard.

    Living a seasonal life

    the Chelan people who have occupied this area of the Columbia River for 8000 years lived in permanent villages and seasonally dispersed into family or small groups depending on the season and the resource being sought. Most villages, constructed of mat lodges and semi-subterranean structures were located along rivers and lakes. Usually winters were spent in the villages where people made and repaired tools and clothing, and engaged in ceremonial activities. In spring the bands would break up into smaller groups to gather plants and to fish the spring runs of salmon and steel head. In the late summer or fall, some groups would move to higher elevations to gather berries and hunt deer or elk. As settlers, miners, and homesteaders flooded the area in the 1800’s, numerous tribes and bands were forced onto the Colville Indian reservation 20 miles north. In 1998, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation celebrated their 125th anniversary. Few native people still occupy these lands but their culture and descendants live on. Tule plant reeds were bound together with Indian hemp cordage and wrapped around pine poles to make temporary dwellings during food gathering seasons. Camas bulbs were dug in Spring. Smoker Marchand, sculptor and artist, was born a member of the Lakes Band of the Colville Confederated Tribes and raised on the Colville Reservation in north central Washington. He graduated from the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe, NM where he received training in the fine arts. He now lives in Omak, WA surrounded by his children and grandchildren. He wants to preserve the history and culture of his people through the various disciplines of his artwork. ” ~ park sign at Beebe Springs, Washington.

    “Beebe Springs Natural Area: Through the efforts of many organizations and people, this former orchard is being restored to provide habitat for fish, birds, and other wildlife adjacent to the Columbia River. Over time, the wetlands, stream, and shrub-steppe habitats will become home to many species.” ~ park sign at Beebe Springs, Washington.

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Clarion Hotel – Renton, Washington

Clarion Hotel
3700 E Valley Rd, Renton, WA 98055 ~ (425) 251-9591 ~

I found a semi-affordable room at the Clarion in Renton. They didn’t charge the extreme deposits that the Seattle area is well known for as a typical hotel scam. I booked them through and got my free nights in order. It was a quick and simple check-in. The rooms were clean, tidy, and decorative though a little rough around the edges with closer inspection. Mini-fridge, microwave, and coffee pot – free WiFi, HBO, and cable. Everything worked perfectly. I got quiet rest and relaxation. My son had plenty space to play in the room. The breakfast buffet was good, but exactly the same every morning (no mixing it up) with Biscuits and Gravy, scrambled eggs, hash fried potatoes, sausages, bacon, cereals, waffles (minis and large), yogurts, juices, coffee, and tea. Breads, biscuits, muffins, and pastries. I was content. The only problem I had with the facility is that there is only one entrance to enter through, the side and back doors were not accessible for entrance and with difficult parking towards the front, this was a pain. Otherwise, no complaints. Rated: 4 stars out of 5 Visited 1/26-1/30/19

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Dollar Rental Cars

Dollar Rental Cars

A quick and easy rental location for transportation found within most airports, cities, and towns. They are known for their affordability and good cars. They originally were called Dollar A Day Rental Car and headquartered in Estero, Florida. Today it operates as a subsidiary of Hertz Corporation with 840 company-owned locations in the United States and Canada, and over 1500 franchises in 70 countries with Thrifty Car Rental by 2017. They were founded in Los Angeles, California in 1965 by Henry J Caruso, then purchased by the Chrysler Corporation in 1990. Overall Rating: 4 stars out of 5


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Dollar Rental Cars – SEATAC

Dollar Rental Cars

SeaTac Airport, International Blvd, Sea-Tac/Seattle, Washington
Dollar Rental Cars – Web Site

On Saturday January 26, 2019 I had went to the Fox Car Rentals to pick up my reserved car – they informed me that they were out of cars, but Dollar was assisting them, it would only cost me 5 cents extra a day for the rental with them. I agreed, walked next door to a lineup, and waited to talk to an agent. She convinced me to go with their insurance which after a recent experience with Enterprise, decided it made sense. Of course this made the rental twice as expensive. Instead of the $190 rental total, I found a debit for $250 on my debit card. Okay, $50-60 deposit I presume. As of 1/30/19 that appears to be true, but I’ve had experiences with Dollar before with their $250 debits. We’ll see if they’ve fixed it. The agent was friendly and after filling out paperwork, guided me downstairs to get the car. Nice Black Toyota Corolla, so I was happy. Drove out and it was a quick paperless experience. The rental held up and had no mechanical issues, car was nice and smooth sailing. On 1/30/19 I filled it up, turned it in, quick check-in and they would email me my receipt. I was content. Rating: 5 stars out of 5. More about Dollar here:

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Starbucks – Benson Hills; Renton, Washington

17901 108th Ave SE, Renton, WA 98055 ~ Phone: (425) 235-7948 ~ Starbucks web site ~

This has become one of my favorite Starbucks in the Renton Washington area. Staff is always friendly and hospitable, quick to assist and meet customer’s needs. WiFi is great as well as seating. No code locks on the bathrooms so one less hassle to deal with. Parking lot with ample spaces, next to the Fred Meyer’s so a quick in-and-out. Rating: 5 stars out of 5 Visited: 1/28/19, 1/29/19, 1/30/19. More info about Starbucks:

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Starbucks – SeaTac – D Wing


SeaTac International Airport – D Wing, Seattle, Washington

A nice little booth servicing the new D Gates Wing for D21-D26 Gates. After a bad experience waiting in line for Anthony’s Fish Restaurant I decided to give my money to Starbucks instead at my gate. I got in line, the cashier fumbled adding money to my Starbucks card, but friendly and sweet apologized. I grabbed my sandwiches for the flight (which were over-priced compared to usual Starbucks) and awaited my Chai Creme Frappacino. Another newbie Barista, didn’t know how to make them, and stumbled to get it right. She was friendly and nice as well, apologized, and had great customer service. That makes it alright, you know. Got my order and everything perfectly. Rating: 4 stars out of 5.

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Anthony’s Fish Restaurant – SEATAC

Seattle-Tacoma International Airport – SEA
17801 International Blvd

Seattle, WA 98158
Phone number: (206) 431-3000 ~

Just in – 1/30/19 at 11:40 am – SeaTac airport, was hoping for some last fresh seafood before leaving Seattle for Denver, and I walk up to the concierge for seating, she ignores me, and attends to the gentleman behind me. I then interrupt, she says “go seat yourself” and points to the interior. Okay, so I do, looking for seating and then ask a friendly cooking staff and she says – oh no, you have to go up front and put your name on the list. So I do, and ask if its going to be a long wait, (new concierge) and she’s un-excited, depressed, and blah – it’ll be a few minutes (plenty of open tables). I moved on. Bad customer service. Looked nice, but hey we’ve got flights to catch. Otherwise the restaurant looks nice, offerings look tasty, and it looked like a nice place to wait for one’s flight. Guess I’ll never know, as I have not a chance to t try them out all due to poor personnel. Unlikely I’ll be going out of my way to review this restaurant again. Rating: 2 stars out of 5. Review on Yelp here.

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Dick’s Drive-In

Dick’s Drive-In

~ Seattle Washington based chain ~

The infamous iconic Seattle-based fast food burger joint / drive-in, Dick’s is a major Seattle attraction. It was founded by Dick Spady, H. Warren Ghormley, and Dr. B.O.A. Thomas in 1954 within the Wallingford neighborhood on N.E. 45th street. A second one was opened in Capital Hill during 1955. In 1960 one was opened in Crown Hill, followed by one in Lake City in 1963, and a fifth in Queen Anne 1974. They opened a sixth location in Edmonds off 220th street and Hwy 99 in 2011. They opened a 8th location in December 2018 in Kent, Washington off Highway 99. There is no customer seating available at any of the locations except the Queen Anne which has indoor tables but no drive-in.

They boast a simple low-cost menu that gives them their fame – fast food staples such as hamburgers, hand-cut french fries, and hand-made milk shakes. They are notable for the “Dick’s Deluxe” which includes the burger, lettuce, mayonnaise, and chopped pickles. They don’t allow substitutions and all burgers are cooked to well done. They have been cited as being really good to their employees, even offering them matched 401(k), 100% employer-paid medical, and a $22,000 college tuition scholarship after 6 months of employment. They were voted the “most life-changing burger joint in America” in 2013

As much as I desire to quit fast food, this is one staple in Seattle I often still visit as the food is affordable and tasty. Most locations are quite busy and always involve a line-up and obscene traffic. The wait is worth it though in most instances. The shakes are to die for. Rating: 4.5 stars out of 5 Fast Food – Low.

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Mercury Machinewerk (Capital Hill/Seattle, WA)

The Merc
Mercury @ Machinewerks * 1009 East Union, Seattle, WA 98122 ~
~ *

One of Seattle’s last strong-holds of the Gothic/Industrial clubbing and music community as a central hangout most famous for such in the Pacific Northwest on the American side, it is a volunteer operated private club down-set underground in the Capital Hill Neighborhood of Seattle. They offer some of the regions best Gothic/Industrial and Electronic music DJs and dancing venue. As a private club, membership is mandatory for attendance, and guests can only visit under sponsorship of a member. To become a member, a visitor must be recommended for membership by a current member in good standing … and has to attend via 3 to 5 signed visits within a 6 month period before a member can sponsor a visitor for membership which costs a mere $10. They essentially have something going on every day, ranging from club nights – smoking and smoke free, themed parties, karaoke, and a oddities market. They have a great dance floor, pool room, and a fully stocked bar specializing in Black Orchids.

Rating: 5 stars out of 5

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Fred Meyers

Fred Meyers Grocery Chain

National U.S. Grocery Store Chain – Primarily West Coast

Considered a hypermarket superstore, headquartered in Portland, the chain was founded in Portland Oregon in 1922 by Fred G. Meyer. Today they are located in the western United States specifically Oregon, Washington State, Idaho, and Alaska. They merged with Kroger in 1999 but retain their Fred Meyer branding. They specialize in one-stop shopping hosting complete grocery supermarket, drugstore, banking, clothing, jewelry, home decor, home improvement, gardening, electronics, restaurants, coffee shops, shoes, sporting goods, and toys. They spread from Portland to Seattle in the 1960’s acquiring Seattle based Marketime Drugs and the Roundup Company. By 1968 they operated in Oregon, Washington State, Idaho, and Montana with over 48 retail locations. The first full-fledged Seattle store was opened that same year. They spread in the 70’s through the Valu-Mart discount chain and its locations leased by Weisfield’s and joined the Weisfield’s owned stores in 1975 with some locations leased by Associated Grocers in 1973. Around the same time they opened their first store in Alaska. By 1977 Marketime was renamed to Fred Meyer. Fred G. Meyer died on September 2, 1978 at age 92. In 1984 Fred Meyer acquired Grand Central of Salt Lake City Utah and converted them to Fred Meyers. By the 1990’s they expanded into California with the first store in Chico, then attempted a second store in Redding followed by Sacramento. These locations were closed and didn’t succeed, the Redding site turned into a Walmart in 1996. Kroger acquired the properties during the 1990’s. In 1997 Fred Meyer acquired Smith’s Food and drug in Salt Lake City although continued to operate separate operations. They acquired Ralph’s Grocery in 1998 Los Angeles and QFC of Seattle. They still maintained separate operations with Fred Meyer as the holding company. Many mergers later, they became the fifth largest food and drug store in the nation. By 1997 they converted their Columbia Falls and Kalispell stores into Smith’s Food and Drug. By 1999 they were merged with Kroger of Cincinnati Ohio, and in 2000 the Arizona Fred Meyer stores (all of which were formerly Smith’s) were re-branded as Fry’s Marketplace. 2004 the Smith’s Food and Drug assumed operations of the Utah Fred Meyer stores which were also re-branded as Smith’s Marketplace. Kroger and Fred Meyer stores are slowly becoming more similar in branding, management, and merchandising. One of the Fred Meyers in Seattle merged its operations with QFC keeping its QFC Marketplace branding, and is the only one of its kind. (Capital Hill neighborhood) By 2018 Fred Meyer’s stopped selling guns and ammunition to people under the age of 21. Fred Meyers employs Kroger’s manufacturing creating the brands Kroger, Fred Meyer, Kivu Coffee, Country Oven, Everyday Living, FMV – For Maximum Value, Moto Tech, Private Selections, HD Designs, Michael Morgan, Great Northwest, GNW, Curfew, Kidz Korner, Splash Spa, Simple Truth, Psst, Homesense, and Naturally Preferred.

They established their rewards program in 2004 so that customers received one point for every $5 they spend, and upon 100 points during a 13 week cycle receive $5 in rebate vouchers. This changed in 2007 to one point per dollar spent and needing to earn 500 points during a 13 week cycle to receive a rebate voucher. This became tied into their credit card. By 2011 they switched from MasterCard to Visa, using the same point system. They also began giving 15 cents off fuel per 100 fuel points.

July 2010 they claimed they would no longer offer plastic bags at any of its 10 Portland stores due to environmental impacts. This was followed by City of Portland banning the use of plastic bags in groery and big box stores in October 2011.

Rating: 4.4 stars out of 5

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Jack in the Box

~ National Chain, the Americas ~
FAST FOOD – Medium

One of the top fast food restaurants in America, Jack in the Box was founded in February of 1951 by Robert O. Peterson in San Diego, California. Today they have over 2,200 locations mainly on the West Coast of the United States. They can also be found in the central states with popularity in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, Tennessee, the Carolinas, and Ohio. They also operated the Qdoba Mexican Grill until 2017 when the Apollo Global Management took over Qdoba. They offer a variety of selections from burgers, chicken tenders, tacos, and egg rolls. They took on a circus-like decor around a starry-eyed clown in the 1940s. It took on its current iconography in 1951 wrapped around the then popular drive-thru intercom technology. A Giant clown projected from the roof and a smaller clown head sat atop the intercom saying “Pull forward Jack will speak to you.” Peterson created a holding company for it called Foodmaker Inc managing the popular chain. Foodmaker was sold to Ralston Purina Company in 1968 and it became the most prolific growth television commercial based fast food giant in the 1970’s. They hit some struggles afterwards trying to expand to the Eastern coast, and in the 80’s made a marketing strategy “The Food is better at the Box” competing with its competitors not for the kids of McDonald’s but the affluent yuppie customers with a higher quality more upscale menu. They flashed their ads with the Jumbo Jack, seasoned Curly Fries, salads, and diverse menu. Ralston Purina sold Foodmaker in 1985 to management and became a publicly traded company with over $655 million in sales by 1987. There is an array of food types and selections, a quick fast food fix to the hungry palate. But it is fast food still none-the-less and carries the unhealthy characteristics of junk food.

Rating: 3 stars out of 5

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Pho World

17823 108th Ave SE, Renton, WA 98055 : Phone: (425) 254-3555

They bill themselves as a basic no-frills Pho restaurant offering Vietnamese soups with meat and vegetables also offering rice dishes and noodles.

I have yet to dine at and visit this restaurant for a proper review. I’ve only done deliveries for them through outside companies and have observed it is a favorite location amongst delivery enthusiasts.

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Lunch Box Laboratory

Lunch Box Laboratory

Seattle, Washington and surrounding region

I have yet to try out this establishment. I have only observed the restaurant from doing deliveries for them through partner companies. The company was created in 2011 by John Schmidt’s Neighborhood Grills and Arnold Shain. The first location was in Seattle’s South Lake Union neighborhood offering experimental cuisine and a full bar with ecclectic cocktails. They took on a 80’s imagery with classic 80’s arcade games, outdoor seating, and expansions of their lunchbox menu. They became popular from the “As Seen on TV Dork Burger”, “Burger of the Gods”, “Astronaut’s Manmosa, “Buffalo Chicken Roll Ups”, “Classic Merican Mac and Cheese”, “Drunken Elvis” liquor infused shake.

Rating: Unrated – Yet to be rated

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Sizzle Pie

Sizzle Pie
National Chain Restaurant – USA

A great Pizza chain with locations around America that offers various Pizza pies and Italian treats, most notable for its Vegan Pizza Pies and Draft Beer. They host music and late-night hours. I’ve only experienced the Union Street location in Seattle after clubbing and found their pizza divine. They are also available for home delivery through seamless, postmates, trycavair, and GrubHub. They boast their principle that Pizza is for everyone and work hard to making a selection for everyone’s dietary preferences from vegan, meat, and veggies. Sizzle Pie was founded by Matt Jacobson and Mikey McKennedy off East Burnside street in 2011 as a never-ending pizza party where everyone is welcome. Rating: 4.5 stars out of 5

Locations visited:

  • Sizzle Pie, 1009 E Union St, Seattle, WA 98122 : Phone: (206) 325-7437 Rating: 4.5 stars out of 5

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Renton, Washington

Essentially a sub-urb of southern Seattle, Renton is determined though as its own city in the heart of King County, Washington. Renton has an estimated population of 101,200 (2016 census). It is located approximately 11 miles southeast of Seattle’s city center. Renton is geographically located along the southeastern shore of Lake Washington hosting the connection of the lake with the Cedar River.

Originally the area where Renton now embraces was once a popular fishing area for Native American peoples. The first Euro-American settlers came to the area in the 1860’s. The infamous settlers Henry and Diana Tobin were one of the first Euro-American settlers in the area. The Seattle and Walla Walla Railroad was one of the first cities to be accessed enrout to Seattle carrying coal for entrepreneurs such as Erasmus M. Smithers who became the founder of the town in 1875. It was named after Captain William Renton, the local lumber and shipping merchant by Smithers although Smithers discovered coal there. The early Euro-American settlers started industries of timber, coal, and clay production in the area. The city was incorporated in 1901. The town became flooded on several instances by the Black and Cedar Rivers. The 1916 lowering of the Lake Washington Ship Canal reduced the surface of Lake Washington several feet eliminating lake drainage through the Black River. The Cedar river was used to divert waters into Lake Washington instead of the Black River. The population increased substantially during World War II with the Boeing production of the B-29 Superfortress. Interstates I-5, I-405, and SR 167 created a confluence in Renton bringing more traffic and tourism to the area creating a hub for shopping, entertainment, and dining specifically the Southcenter Mall in Tukwila and the Landing by Boeing. Today it is the final assembly point for Boeing 737 airplanes as well as for technology companies, healthcare, and manufacturing such as with Paccar, Boeing, Kaiser Permanente, IKEA, Providence Health, and Wizards of the Coast. The Seattle Seahawks have a training center here. The public library was built over the Cedar River in 1966 stretching 80 feet across the river connecting to Liberty Park and offering a unique spot to watch salmon in the river.

Renton is bordered to the North by Newcastle and Lake Washington, Cougar mountain to the east and May Valley, City of Kent to the South, and Tukwila to the West. It boasts a warm-summer Mediterranean climate with warm and dry summers mixed with cloudy wet and cool winters. It is within a partial rain shadow shielding it from coastal summers.

Renton has been home and birthplace to many notable people such as Jimi Hendrix (who lived here and is buried in the Greenwood Memorial Park), Brandon Roy, Jamal Crawford, Clint Eastwood (was a lifeguard at Renton’s Kennydale Beach), Joshua Farris, Sam Longoria, Avery Garrett, Sean Kinney (Alice in Chains), Emily Rose, Zach LaVine, and others.






  • Albert Talley Senior High School
  • Apollo Elementary School
  • Benson Hill Elementary School
  • Briarwood Elementary School
  • Bryn Mawr Elementary School
  • Campbell Hill Elementary School
  • Carriage Crest Elementary School
  • Cascade Elementary School
  • Dimmitt Middle School
  • Fairwood Elementary School
  • Glenridge Elementary School
  • Hazelwood Elementary School
  • Hazen High School
  • Highlands Elementary School
  • Honeydew Elementary School
  • Kennydale Elementary School
  • Lakeridge Elementary School
  • Liberty High School
  • Lindbergh High School
  • Maplewood Heights Elementary School
  • Maywood Middle School
  • McKnight Middle School
  • Meeker Middle School
  • Nelson Middle School
  • Northwood Middle School
  • Renton High School
  • Renton Park Elementary
  • Ridgewood Elementary School
  • Risdon Middle School
  • Sartori Elementary School
  • Sierra Heights Elementary School
  • Talbot Hill Elementary School
  • Tiffany Park Elementary School


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Ohio, USA


Ohio, USA

The State of Ohio is central to the Midwestern states of the Great Lakes with its capital as Columbus. The state is bordered by the Ohio River in the south and the state of Kentucky, Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the East, Indiana to the West, West Virginia to the Southeast, and Michigan to the Northwest. The border with Michigan was changed due to the Toledo War to angle slightly northeast to the north shore of the Maumee River’s mouth. It is the 34th largest state in the United States as per land area, the tenth most densely populated, and the seventh most populated. The state was named after the river of the same name, which came from the Seneca tribe’s word “ohi:yo'” meaning “great river” or “good river”. It has the nickname of being the “Buckeye state” and its residents “buckeyes” after the numerous buckeye trees in the state. The state was admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803.

Geologically, Ohio features glaciated till plains minus the Great Black Swamp that is a extremely flat area in the Northwest. The glaciation from the east an southeast was the Allegheny Plateau, then another belt known as the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau causing rugged hills and forests. The rest of Ohio is low relief. The ruggest southeast stretches as a bow-like arc towards the Ohio river from the West Virginia Panhandle. There are several major rivers running through Ohio such as the Cuyahoga River, Great Miami River, Maumee River, Scioto River, and Muskingum River most of which drain into the northern Atlantic Ocean through Lake Erie and St. Lawrence River. Rivers in the southern part of the state drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Ohio has a humid continental climate through most of the region except the extreme southern counties of the Bluegrass region that are defined as humid subtropical climate. Summers are hot and humid throughout the state with winters ranging from cool to cold. Precipitation is moderate year-round though bouts of severe weather are not uncommon such as tornados, snowstorms, rain storms, and sleet. There have been earthquakes as well through the state.

The first inhabitants of the region were nomadic Native American tribes and peoples dating to as early as 13,000 B.C.E. The early nomads disappeared from historical record by 1,000 B.C.E. From 1,000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E. the Adena culture dominated with semi-permanent villages with domestication of plants including sunflowers, squash, and potentially corn. The remainder was hunting and gathering moin into more settled and complex villages. The Great Serpent Mound in Adams County is one of the most superior remnants of the culture.

The Hopewell evolved from the Adena who also conducted mound-building activities creating complex, large sophisticated earthworks throughout the region. Trade became a major industry creating a large network amongst the early peoples of the region. The Hopewell vanished around 600 C.E. potentially from the rise of the Mississippian Culture Siouan-speaking people from the Plains and East Coast claim to be their ancestors living here until the 13th century C.E. It is believed that Ohio has three distinct prehistoric cultures: (1) the Fort Ancient People, (2) the Whittlesey Focus People, and (3) the Monongahela Culture. All three of these cultures disappeared by the 17th century with European contact and the diseases the Europeans brought with them.

The early inhabitants saw aggression and warfare with the Iroquois Confederation out of the area now defined as New York. The Beaver Wars of the mid-17th century saw the Iroquios claiing much of the area of Ohio for hunting and beaver-trapping. Epidemics from European contact also devastated the native populations by late 17th century. Towards the 18th century, the Algonquian peoples inhabited the region subsisting on agriculture and seasonal hunting. They became part of the larger global economy through the fur trade with Europeans and settlers.

With European contact and settlement, trade increased and Tobacco plantations were established. The Iroquoian Petun, Erie, Chonnonton, Wyandot, Mingo Seneca, and Iroquois Confederacy were the indigenous nations remaining from the 18th century onwards. Numerous massacres of the indigenous took place such as the Yellow Creek Massacre, Gnadenhutten, and Pontiac’s Rebellion school massacre until the remaining Native populations were pushed out especially with the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

The French settled and colonized the area with a system of trading posts regulating the fur trade. France and Great Britain fought over the region in the French and Indian War as well as in Europe during the Seven Year’s War. The Treaty of Paris in 1783 had the French cede control and the remainder of the Old Northwest to Great Britain. Come the American Revolution much of that changed. Control of the region went to the United States.

Ohio’s industry is based on coal mines, cargo transport, Lake Erie’s coastline (approx. 312 miles) for cargo ports, and manufacturing plants. Early industry collapses and economic despair brought great poverty to the area in the Appalachian Region – propelling the 1965 Congress Appalachian Regional Development Act addressing the concerns including over 29 counties as part of Appalachia. Ohio was devastated by the 1913 Great Dayton Flood when the Miami River watershed flooded destroying much of Dayton.


  • Akron
  • Canton
  • Center of the World
  • Cincinatti
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Cuyahoga Falls
  • Dayton
  • Elyria
  • Euclid
  • Hamilton
  • Kettering
  • Lakewood
  • Loraine
  • Mentor
  • Middletown
  • Newark
  • Newton Falls
  • Parma
  • Springfield
  • Toledo
  • Warren
  • Youngstown

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The ruins of Emmanuel Temple (Youngstown, Ohio)

Emmanuel Temple
~ 117 E. Rayen Ave, Youngstown, Ohio 44503 ~

This abandoned church was designed in Byzantine Revival architecture style in 1912. The First use of the building was as the El Emanuel Congregation Temple of Youngstown, Ohio. The first literary mention of the Temple I could find was in the “The American Architect” published in 1909, stating that plans were being made to erect a synagogue at 117 East Rayen Avenue in Youngstown. ( The “American Synogogues: A Photo Journey” ( stated its construction in 1912 depicting 2007 photographs of the temple still intact with front doors and none of the current damages. So it must have been in use until 2007 by the El Emanuel Temple.

According to the “History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley Ohio, Volume 2 by J.G. Butler” the Youngstown Hebrew Institute was founded in 1907 establishing the Emanuel Congregation school at this address. The study rooms were fitted up in a frame building attached to this church building in the rear and conducted schooling until 1919 when attendance increased so much that they had to relocate the school to better accommodations at the Wood street public school building after regular school hours teaching reading/writing of the Hebrew language, religious training, and secular education from 1st to 6th grade. It was taken over in 2009 by the St. Andrewes Foundation of Faith as a Black American Heritage Church who were making plans to buy the Temple building according to a July 31, 2009 article. The St. Andrewes African Methodist Episcopal Church purchased the building in 2009 and appears to have been in ruin and abandoned by 2015. The church apparently changed its name three times through courses of moves. ( At some point the “I Am” Inc. Internet service provider used this street address according to Yelp. ( There was a report of a February 27, 2015 burglary of the stain glass windows while the building lie in ruin as reported here: Property Shark web site ( states the parcel ID as 53-017-0-057.00-0, Lot 781 50 x 150 in school district 53. It is reported to be .172 acres at 3,990 square feet and built in 1900 with a 150 depth, commercial structures 499. There was change of ownerships recorded for 03/07/2016; 08/02/2012; 02/09/2012; 05/11/2001; 01/01/1990. Its 2017-2018 property taxes was $1,033/year with a land value of $8,330, a building value $26,450; and a total market value of $34,780. (

This whole block of churches seem to have befell similar tragedies: one caught on fire from a lightning strike, another one burnt down, one damaged by a tornado, one that has been converted to a brewery, and others abandoned … makes one think that God or some other entity doesn’t want churches on this block). Located around the corner from the First Presbyterian Church, First Calvary Church, and Youngstown Masonic Temple.

Rated: Unrated of 5 stars. ~ Review by Leaf McGowan/Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions ~

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not all who wander are lost …